Citizens’ Security Feeling and Physical Factors in Communal Spaces (Case Study: BandarAbbas City, Iran)

Ali Shahdadi

Abstract


This paper aims to provide a physical pattern of security feeling in BandarAbbas communal spaces is doing. Theoretical foundations of the pattern based on reviewing the physical approaches and theories in the security feeling field, especially irregular pattern, pattern vision shelter, defensible space model and a model of crime prevention through environmental design, has been formed. This experimental pattern relying on data obtained from field data collected from 290 randomly selected residents of BandarAbbas in the BandarAbbas communal spaces. Data were collected by questionnaire. Results of multiple regression test showed: Physical factors; entrance the motorcycles into the communal spaces, the lighting, the suitability of flooring, positioned between the walls and dilapidated or abandoned buildings around the communal spaces, with a correlation coefficient (R=0.46) explain R2=0.24 of total variance of  citizen’s security feeling in communal spaces.

Keywords: Security Feeling, Physical Indicators, Crime, Urban Planning, Communal Spaces, BandarAbbas, Iran.


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