Effect Of Fabaceous Plants On The Biological Performance Of Aphis Craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Rakhshan, Md. Equbal Ahmad

Abstract


The biological performance of Aphis craccivora was studied on four fabaceous host plants viz., Phaseolus sinensis, Lablab purpureus, Vigna radiata and Vigna mungo. The minimum development period of nymphal stages was observed on P. sinensis (1st instar, 1.4±0.2 days; 2nd   instar, 2.0±0.0 days; 3rd   instar, 1.8±0.2 days and 4th   instar, 1.6±0.2 days). However, the maximum development period was observed on V. mungo (1st instar, 2.2±0.2 days; 2nd   instar, 2.6±0.2 days; 3rd   instar, 2.6±0.2 days and 4th   instar, 2.2±0.2 days) at 19.96±0.13 ºC, 79.28±0.71% RH. These variations were observed significant in development period of all instars stages of A. craccivora on different host plants in different months by analysis of variance test. The longer pre-reproductive and shorter reproductive and post reproductive periods was observed when A. craccivora fed on V. mungo due to less suitability of host plants. The survival of adult was observed longer on P. sinensis (26.8±1.2 days) than other host plants (F1=139.31, F2= 16.669; P<0.05). Furthermore, the shorter developmental period and longest adult longevity of A. craccivora on P. sinensis and L. purpureus cause considerable economical loss. According to this study P. sinensis and L. purpureus are most suitable host plants for the growth and development of A. craccivora. Thus, the study of biological performance of aphid is essential for the implementation in pest management.

Keywords


Aphis craccivora, Development period, Adult longevity, Phaseolus sinensis, Lablab purpureus, Vigna spp.

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References


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